Title: Multiwavelength imaging and spectroscopy of chromospheric evaporation in an M-class solar flare
Authors: A. Veronig, J. Rybak, P. Gomory, S. Berkebile-Stoiser, M. Temmer, W. Otruba, B. Vrsnak, W. Potzi, D. Baumgartner
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Description: We studied spectroscopic observations of chromospheric evaporation mass flows in comparison with the energy input by electron beams derived from hard X-ray (HXR) data for the white-light M2.5 flare of 2006 July 6. The event was captured in high-cadence spectroscopic observing mode by SOHO/CDS combined with high-cadence imaging at various wavelengths in the visible, extreme ultraviolet, and X-ray domain during the joint observing campaign JOP171. During the flare peak, we observe downflows in the He I and O V lines formed in the chromosphere and transition region, respectively, and simultaneous upflows in the hot coronal Si XII line. The energy deposition rate by electron beams derived from RHESSI HXR observations is suggestive of explosive chromospheric evaporation, consistent with the observed plasma motions. However, for a later distinct X-ray burst, where the site of the strongest energy deposition is exactly located on the Coronal Diagnostics Spectrometer (CDS) slit, the situation is intriguing. The O V transition region line spectra show the evolution of double components, indicative of the superposition of a stationary plasma volume and upflowing plasma elements with high velocities (up to 280 km s-1) in single CDS pixels on the flare ribbon. However, the energy input by electrons during this period is too small to drive explosive chromospheric evaporation. These unexpected findings indicate that the flaring transition region is much more dynamic, complex, and fine structured than is captured in single-loop hydrodynamic simulations.
Reference: The Astrophysical Journal 719, 655-670 (2010)
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Date and Time: 10.12. 2018 21:15:16 CET
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