CAOSP abstracts, Volume: 38, No.: 3, year: 2008

Abstract: The lower and middle layers of the corona are studied analyzing the ground-based observations carried out during the November 3, 1994 and August 11, 1999 total solar eclipses. While the 1994 eclipse took place nearby the solar activity minimum, the 1999 eclipse occurred closer to the solar cycle maximum. Structures, isolines of brightness and polarization, and topology of the magnetic field lines of force (calculated under a potential approximation) of these two coronae are mutually compared. It is confirmed that the brightness distribution in the corona corresponds to the hydrostatic distribution of density at the distances 1.2-1.8 R. Temperature 1.4 MK and density n0 = 3.3 × 108 cm-3 are found for the equatorial coronal regions of the 1999 corona. Physical conditions in the polar coronal regions are investigated analyzing the brightness and polarization of the 1994 eclipse. We have found that the degree of polarization in polar plumes is about 10% higher than that in the inter-plumes space. Consideration of the brightness in plumes and in the adjacent background space allowed us to conclude that the temperatures there are close to 1 MK. The density in the individual plumes is near n0 = 2.7 × 108 cm-3, while it decreases to about n0 = 2.0 × 108 cm-3 in the inter-plumes space. It is pointed out that the simultaneous interpretation of the measured brightness and polarization struggles with some difficulties.

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Last update: June 16, 2008